12 Oct UNDERSTANDING YOUR SKIN
To refresh the basics quickly, the skin is the largest organ of the body, with a total area of about 20 square feet. It protects us from microbes and the elements, helps regulate body temperature, and permits the sensations of touch, heat, and cold.
Skin has three layers:
- The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone. Melanocytes which produce melanin that give us the skin color are located in the epidermis. It has no blood vessel or nerve ending.
- The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains tough connective tissue ( which forms and elastic bed, provides strength and supports the epidermis ), hair follicles, nerve endings, blood vessels and sweat glands. A number of cells within the dermis help to repair and protect the skin..
- The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and connective tissue.
Now no one is a stranger to the concept of oily, dry, combination and sensitive skin but the salient point is the identification of your skin type correctly and choosing the correct products accordingly.
One notable point to consider is that the type of your skin might change with time, situation, season or physical and mental health as it is very well said that the skin reflects what is going on inside your body.
Putting it across roughly,
Normal skin is neither too dry nor too oily. It generally has less imperfections and is less or non sensitive.
Combination skin can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others ( generally T zone is what is found to be oily ). You might have open pores, shiny T zone, might get up in the morning with an oily T zone, blackheads or whiteheads.
Dry skin is itchy, rough, with more fine lines, red, irritable, scaly, dull and with almost no visible pores.
Oily skin has the most tendency to open pores, break outs, blackheads and whiteheads. It is shiny or dull.
Sensitive skin is the red, rashy, dry and irritable types which accepts very mild and gentle products.